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How I do it?: Carolyn’s Window Approach To Unilateral Frontal Sinus Surgery

Endoscopic frontal sinus surgery is a highly specialized procedure that aims to address various pathologies within the frontal sinuses, such as chronic sinusitis, benign and malignant tumors, and other anatomical […]
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Lemierre’s syndrome

Lemierre’s syndrome (also known as postanginal septicemia) is a rare, life-threatening complication of oropharyngeal / deep neck space infections (parapharyngeal abscess, retropharyngeal abscess etc..) with significant mortality. It is the septic […]
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തൈറോയ്ഡ് ശസ്ത്രക്രിയ എങ്ങനെ? വേണ്ടതെപ്പോൾ?

ചിത്രശലഭത്തിന്റെ ആകൃതിയിൽ കഴുത്തിന്റെ മുന്നിൽ ആയി സ്ഥിതി ചെയുന്ന ഒരു ഗ്രന്ഥിയാണ് തൈറോയ്ഡ് ഗ്രന്ഥി. തൈറോയ്ഡ് ഹോർമോണുകൾ ഉൽപാദിപ്പിക്കുക എന്നതാണ് തൈറോയ്ഡ് ഗ്രന്ഥിയുടെ ജോലി. തൈറോയ്ഡ് ഹോർമോൺ തലച്ചോറ്, ഹൃദയം, പേശികൾ, ശരീരത്തിലെ മറ്റ് അവയവങ്ങൾ എന്നിവയെ ആവശ്യമുള്ളതുപോലെ പ്രവർത്തിക്കാനും സഹായിക്കുന്നു. […]
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Parapharyngeal Space Anatomy and Clinical Importance

Parapharyngeal space (PPS) is a potential space filled with fat and areolar tissue, lying laterally on either side of pharynx, bounded and subdivided by various condensation of fascia. It is […]
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Peritonsillar abscess / Quinsy – Clinical presentation and Treatment

Peritonsillar abscess commonly known as Quinsy is localized collections of pus in the peritonsillar space usually occurs as a complication of acute tonsillitis. Peritonsillar space fibrous capsule of palatine tonsils […]
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Do you have OSA? Get self diagnosed in 2 minutes!

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder that is characterized by repetitive episodes of partial or complete upper airway obstruction during sleep, resulting in intermittent hypoxia and sleep […]
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നിങ്ങൾക്ക് ഒ.എസ്‌.എ എന്ന രോഗം ഉണ്ടോ? 3 മിനിറ്റുനുള്ളിൽ സ്വയം തിരിച്ചറിയാം.

ശ്വസനപാതയിൽ ഉള്ള തടസ്സങ്ങൾ കാരണം ഉണ്ടാകുന്ന കൂർക്കം വലിയും, അതിനോട് അനുബന്ധിച്ചു ശ്വാസം നിന്ന് പോകുന്ന രോഗാവസ്ഥയും ആണ് ഒബ്‌സ്ട്രക്റ്റീവ് സ്ലീപ് അപ്നിയ അഥവാ ഒ.എസ്‌.എ എന്ന് അറിയപ്പെടുന്നത്. ഏതാണ്ട് 24 ശതമാനം പുരുഷന്മാരും 14 ശതമാനം സ്ത്രീകളും കൂര്‍ക്കം വലിക്കുന്നവരാണെന്ന് […]
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Acute Tonsillitis – Clinical presentation and Treatment

Acute tonsillitis is an inflammatory condition of tonsil lasting less than 3 weeks duration. The tonsils are composed of lymphatic tissue and are a component of Waldeyer’s ring in the […]
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Anatomy and Physiology of Tonsils

Tonsils are a pair of small, soft tissue masses located at the back of the throat, one on each side. Scientifically, tonsils are part of the lymphatic system and are […]
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Waldeyer’s ring

Waldeyer’s ring is a ring of lymphoid tissue surrounding the nasopharynx and oropharynx. These are sites of first immunological contact for antigens in childhood. These are also called nasal-associated lymphoid tissue […]
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DISE – Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy

Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has emerged as a valuable diagnostic tool in the evaluation of snoring, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) offering unique insights into upper airway dynamics during sleep. Prior to […]
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The Vital Role of Monoclonal Antibodies in Allergic Rhinitis and Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyposis

Allergic rhinitis (AR) and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) are common inflammatory conditions of the upper airways that significantly impact patients’ quality of life. Though both are distinct upper […]
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Vocal Cord Polyps – Clinical features, Treatment

Vocal cord polyps are benign (noncancerous) swelling of greater than 3mm that arise from free edges of true vocal cords, localized area of edematous tissue, usually unilateral. Some may be […]
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Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology

Introduction Salivary gland lesions present a diagnostic challenge for clinicians due to their diverse and complex nature. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a valuable tool in the preoperative evaluation of these […]
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Meniere’s Disease – Clinical features, Diagnosis and Treatment

Meniere’s Disease (Ménière’s Disease) is a disorder of the inner ear characterized by a triad of severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing sensation in the ears (tinnitus) and fluctuating hearing loss, with […]
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